Objective of the Manual
To chronologically document the emergence and development of military uniforms, badges and medals of the Armed Forces of Cuba at different historical stages and compile the first encyclopedic work on the Cuban Military Uniformology in an organized manner. The Manual will also include the Ceremonial Protocol, Uniforms, Civilian Medals and Flags and the Coats of Arm of the Republic and Government Agencies.
Volume I consists of a general presentation of the over-all project, with a brief introduction to the military uniformology, especially those of the nations which influenced our history through the creation of the Cuban uniforms and medals.
A. Flags and Coats of Arm of Cuba
B. Cuban Liberation Army Uniforms and Ranks 1868-1902
C. Medals and Awards of the Colonial Era
D. Medals and Awards of the Republic of Cuba
E. Uniforms of the Cuban Army
F. Cuban Navy and Merchant Marine
G. Civil Protocol and Uniforms used by the Cuban Government
What is the main source of documentation for this Project
All of the laws, resolutions, decrees, circulars, military orders, manuals, etc., that were issued by the Armed Forces of Cuba during its different historical periods, which reflect and document the different regulations, modifications or provisions officially published on the use of the military uniforms, including references related to both the Cuban military history and that of the armies of the world. These references include up to 30,000 photographs, movies and videos.
A similar procedure will be followed for the Civil Uniforms.
Click the Coat of Arm of Cuba to see the Project on UTube:
Wesley P. Wheeler (great grandson)
As you know, the Wheeler Shipbuilding Corporation was responsible for the construction of CS-13, which was one of 242, 83 foot wooden sub-busters built by our family for the US Coast Guard and Navy during the Second World War. These ships were all built in Brooklyn, New York between 1941 and 1944. CS-13 began its life as a US Coast Guard cutter (CG 83338) and transferred to the Cuban Navy as part of the lend-lease program.
To complete the story, you may know that sixty of these 83 Coast Guard cutters were transported to England and participated in the DD invasion in Normandy. The so-called "match box fleet", officially known as "Rescue Flotilla One", were converted into rescue vessels and credited with saving the lives of 1,438 men and women who were rescued from the English Channel. In all, the Wheeler family produced over 400 ships for the US Coast Guard, US Navy and US Army to support the war effort. As Wheelers, we are extremely proud to have participated in the war effort, which as it turns out, includes the Cuban Navy as well! We appreciate the invitation to the Ceremony on Saturday, May 16th at 12:00. Please send any further information which you feel is necessary prior to our travel to Miami.
|Enero 22 2015||Capt Juan Carlos Parera||$300.00|
|Febrero 1 2015||Wilfredo D�az||$35.00|
|Febrero 1 2015||Cargo Bancario Intl.||- $15.00|
|Febrero 6 2015||Global Offshore Sailing
supporting this fantastic memorial initiative.
Jochen Werne - Skipper & GOST Co-Founder
|Febrero 7 2015||Fernando Otero||$100.00|
|Febrero 17 2015||Eladio Bas Trespalacios||$100.00|
|Febrero 22 2015||Cdr. Joseph S. P�rez USN||$40.00|
|Grand Total:||$ 660.00|
The future Miami Military Museum and Memorial
Cordially invites you to our 2015
World War One Remembrance
--With a special debut exhibit of the African American soldiers Experience of WWI--
and the Observance of the 100th Anniversary of ANZAC Day
April 25, 1915 the ANZAC (Australia and New Zealand Army Corps) landed at Gallipoli.
So many were lost in the battle that ever since then Australia and New Zealand honor the date as their national Day, the only one observed by two nations. We honor these brave U.S. Allies who have always served beside us, and the French and British equally who gave their lives in the same battle.
At the Zoo Miami Center Next to the Gold Coast Railroad Museum
12450 SW 152 Street, Miami, FL 33177
Saturday April 25 from 10 AM to 11 AM
An Australian Consulate and Dade Heritage Days event
Ample free parking. Free and open to the public
To the uninitiated, occasional news of "Cuban reforms" is received with some
sense of hope that the Castro regime might be loosening its stranglehold on the
economy to create new opportunity for the island's 11 million people.
Such false expectations are raised by professional Castropologists, who peddle the narrative that Raul Castro is a frustrated reformer who would spread his wings once he assumed power from his brother Fidel. That dynastic transition happened six years ago, and the Castro stranglehold on the economy is barely loosened. Yet every hint of "reform" is still trumpeted as a new birth of freedom. Of course, that is rubbish.
The latest evidence of the Castro regime's single-minded agenda can be found in the New York Times, in an article entitled, "Cuba's Reward for the Dutiful: Gated Housing." Although one might expect from the NYTimes an homage to Raul the Reformer, this piece reveals that the regime's motivation for doling out privileges or slivers of economic space is to preserve the regime and its hold on power.
Reporter Damien Cave says, "Cuba is in transition," but the bulk of his article describes a regime struggling to "elevate the faithful and maintain their loyalty". The measures he describes have nothing to do with economic liberty, but are implemented with great care not to dismantle the existing power structure. Indeed, the NYTimes piece focuses on the impact of the economic transition upon the security forces that Raul Castro has led for more than 60 years.
In the 1990's, when the regime allowed foreigners to partner with the government to build tourist hotels or light manufacturing it was to generate hard currency after the loss of a $5-7 billion annual Soviet subsidy. When Cubans were permitted to establish very small businesses or rent out bedrooms to tourists, it was to provide jobs and meager income to people "particularly military retirees"displaced from the state payroll by a fiscal crisis. Behind every "reform," a key motivation was to preserve the privileges and loyalty of the military or to provide income to military retirees. Indeed, the handful of foreign companies that invested in the tourism industry often had military-run businesses as their partners. More evidence of the real motive behind these economic "openings" is that, as Cuban self-employment grew too much, too fast; as the fiscal pressure was eased, due to the new subsidy from the Venezuelan regime; or as regime businesses outgrew the need for a foreign partner, the regime cracked down. Many microenterprises have been suffocated by regulation and taxes, and many foreign partners have been shaken down and run out of the country.
So any argument that the United States should reorient its Cuba policy to encourage the trend to reform is disingenuous, as such advice usually is. The latest attempt comes in the form of a poll that says most Americans support a change in US policy toward Cuba. For decades, critics of US foreign policy toward Cuba have sneered that it was a function of "Florida politics" alluding to the political might of the Cuban-American community in south Florida. So, it is more than a little ironic, that the latest argument for embargo critics is that the policy should be changed because of a poll.
The cruel lesson of history, which good people on all sides of this debate should learn, is that nothing good is going to happen for the people of Cuba as long as a despot like Fidel or Raul Castro holds power. Those selfish men and the totalitarian regime they built are today the only real obstacles to genuine economic and political change in Cuba. Worse yet, they have demonstrated their capacity to manipulate any economic opening to serve the interests of the regime and, particularly, the state security apparatus.
Any unilateral concession by the United States that buys such a regime one more day in power is not only strategically questionable, it is unconscionable.
"The American Republic will endure until the day Congress and the President
discover that it can bribe the public with the public's money."
Alexis de Tocqueville
We are getting there very fast.
Re: Book available in Amazon Kindle
Sent by: Bertie
I have written a book, "CUBA: A REAL THREAT"
AUTHOR: MANUEL CEREIJO
The book is available in AMAZON KINDLE STORE
Be the first to review this item
The book has 29 chapters, 265 pages, and is the result of many years of my research on Cuba's capabilities, since 1959, to be a terrorist threat to the United States and other nations as well.
All aspects of the ways and means Cuba has, and how the Cuban government has changed tactics as new technologies develope and political strategies demand.
The findings presented in this book I hope that will clearly show that Cuba represents a serious threat to the security of the United States in the areas of bio warfare, electronic espionage, human espionage, high technology weapons, cyber terrorism, medicare frauds, and political intervention in other countries to control their governments.
Dr. Manuel Cereijo, P.E.
Miami, Fl 2013
MOL Comfort Breaks In Two Off Yemen, Investigation Commences [UPDATE] On June 19, 2013 UPDATE:
The MRCC in Mumbai has tweeted saying that the sections are still afloat and are being monitored by the MV Sanderling Ace, another MOL managed vessel.
In an update on Wednesday, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL) notes that their investigation into the cause of the incident has commenced, in conjunction with the vessel's shipbuilder, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
According to a report from a vessel operated by MOL, the two sections of the MOL Comfort are stably floating even under adverse weather. The shipowner also pointed out in their statement this morning that it has not been acknowledged that fire has occurred nor a large volume of oil has leaked.
Tugboats have been arranged to tow the two halves of the vessel and a patrol boat has been dispatched from Jebel Ali to monitor the scene until tugs arrive at a later date.
At about 10:00 JST (05:00 local time) on June 19, 2013, the two fore and aft sections of the MOL Comfort, laden with containers, are drifting at about 2 knots near 12° 57″ N 61° 10″ E in an east-northeast direction.
Details of onboard containers of the MOL Comfort that might be lost overboard or damaged during the incident are being confirmed. Captain's unofficial weather routing expert, Fred Pickhardt, has informed us that on Tuesday near the vessel, winds remained from the SW at about force 7 with waves of 5-6 meters.
MOL COMFORT AIS TRACK Red circle indicates MOL Comfort's position reported on 18 JUN 2013 at 20:18:12 GMT, as well as its track since approximately Saturday. At the time of this update, the ship was drifting at .9 knots, down from 2.5 knots earlier Tuesday.
Full vessel position report HERE. Satellite AIS data courtesy PortVision. FROM EARLIER (17 JUN): This photo of the MOL Comfort shows considerable hogging. Image credit: IANS MOL Comfort Suffers Broken Back, Sinks Off Yemen Remains Adrift Off Yemen 26 crewmembers of an MOL containership were forced to abandon ship Monday off Yemen after the ship suffered from catastrophic hull failure and reportedly sank broke in two.
The MV MOL Comfort, an 8,000 TEU-type containership cracked in half about 200 miles from the Yemeni coast at about 12° 30″N 60′E while enroute from Singapore to Jeddah with a load of 7,041 TEUs. All 26 crew made up 11 Russians, 1 Ukrainian and 14 Filipinos - escaped the sinking ship on two life rafts and a lifeboat. According to a report by IANS News, the Indian Coast Guard in Mumbai diverted three vessels in the area to assist.
The MV Yantian Express was first to arrive on scene and rescued the survivors. The 2008-built MOL Comfort sank a short time later, the report said. Weather at the time was strong winds and seas up to six meters. The ship's operator, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, says that an Emergency Control Headquarters has been established for the incident and MOL is taking company-wide measures to settle the matter. The MOL statement said that damage was extensive and that details of the incident were still being confirmed.
A Catastrophic Structural Failure From a naval architecture standpoint, this is a puzzling situation. Ships are designed to handle long period and large waves that crest on the bow and stern and have a trough amidships. This creates a sagging situation that puts extreme tension on the keel and compression at deck level. The opposite, hogging situation occurs when the crest of the wave moves to the center of the ship and the trough of the waves are at bow and stern. The repeat flexing of the ship in these perfectly timed waves is likely what caused the loss of this vessel.
In the photo above, a perfect example of hogging is shown, where the bow and the stern are both lying in the troughs of two waves. It should not have happened however. Ships are built to handle this situation and engineering rules are followed to ensure the transverse section modulus of the vessel is sufficient to handle these extreme stresses imposed by nature. There are other possibilities however.
The loading of the containers on board may have exacerbated the situation. Although the loading of the containers appears even in the photo, the weight distribution of the containers may not have been even. Had heavier containers been loaded on the bow and stern and lighter ones in the center of the ship, the vessel may have been placed in a hogging situation before she even set sail. It's speculation of course to say one way or another, but assuming that she met class.
Rgds. Capt. Angel C. Fernandez.
Traffic and Equip. Control Mgr.
Ecuadorian Line , Inc.
On Friday, President Obama signed into law the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010. The signing of this bill gives the Commandant of the Coast Guard, Admiral Bob Papp, authorities to make changes and operate the Coast Guard to better serve the public.
The Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010 provides us with authority to enhance the safety of U.S. ports and waterways, acquisition assistance to acquire state-of-the-art ships and aircraft to patrol America's waters, and tools to promote individual readiness, including improvements to our family housing and child development centers, said Adm. Papp in an ALCOAST on the subject adding, I am particularly pleased with the modernization authorit it will allow us to finish our organizational realignment and enhance our ability to meet the high demand for our services.
Finishing organizational realignment of the service means using the best processes to ensure Coast Guard men and women have the training, tools, and leadership necessary to safely and successfully fulfill our missions of maritime safety, security and stewardship.
Additional authorities granted within the Act validate the Coast Guard's decision to take control of the process to replace aging cutters and aircraft, providing our men and women in uniform with state of the art platforms to conduct Coast Guard missions.
Finally, and significantly, the Act bolsters the Coast Guard's authorities when it comes to combating smugglers of people and narcotics attempting to violate U.S. territorial waters.
I could not be more pleased with this Authorization Act and want to thank the Administration and Congress for their support, said Papp.
The Act will help us remain always ready well into the future.�
Cuban Gunboats built at Havana for the Cuban Navy.
Cuban exile Alberto Gutiérrez relentlessly denounces conditions in Cuba. I expressed surprise that no American academic or newsman had gone to Cuba to write a factual, authoritative report on conditions there. Alberto comments: "- I am sorry to say that the main objective of many academics who go to Cuba is have a chat with El Máximo Líder. Then they take a look around mainly in Havana and return claiming their "expertise" about education and health services there.
A report about racial discrimination, the suicide rate (one of the highest in the world), the daily life of a Cuban in comparison with the ruling elite, etc. is out of the question. Not many US universities are interested in those subjects. And the same goes for those enterprising journalists you mentioned. A Cuban professor from Florida International University will take some of her students to Havana for humanities classes. I requested a public clarification. I wondered in my note if the courses could be instead related to Inhumanities, considering the misery and oppression under Castro. So far my rather sarcastic note has been ignored".
RH: It is a sad situation, Those involved fear that were they to criticize Castro's Cuba, they would not be welcome again. Why does the Diario Las Américas not send someone to Cuba to write the report I suggested?
Cuba School Discipline
Randy Black described the discipline in Russian schools. Alberto Gutiérrez recalls his school days at the Academia Raymat, in Pinar del Río, many years ago: "There the students also stood when the teacher or any visitor entered the classroom. Those who misbehaved faced the stern principal, and were punished with a "correctivo", a detention after class doing lots of homework. The students were sent home with a note explaining the reason of the "correctivo". The note was expected back the next day after being duly acknowledged by a parent. The voice of the agriculture teacher was better than any sleeping pill. Consequently, I also learned to set my eyes as open as possible toward the teacher and released my mind into a world of clouds closer to the kingdom of Morpheus. It was not easy but to close one's eyes was unthinkable.
Then, at Mariel Naval Academy things didn't get any better. Reveille at 6 a.m. I was often hungry and sleepy. My classmates and I endured lots of hazing in the name of "discipline". After all, that was a military institution, and we were "gentlemen" midshipmen. Those concepts were also enforced when most midshipmen were cashiered after the revolutionary purge of 1959, and those few spared became merchant marine cadets. Spherical Trigonometry and Solid Geometry classes are the ordeals l remember most. The two subjects were taught by a highly qualified lieutenant commander who didn't realize that we lacked his brains. At least the ensign who taught Nautical Astronomy was more approachable.
In 1960, during the time I attended Havana University, I noticed there a definitive breakdown of discipline That year many professors were purged, having been denounced by other professors and their own students for alleged past sins and a lack of zeal for Castro. However, it was in the US where I finally realized that sometimes students were allowed to sleep in class.
Unfortunately, with the years discipline and respect for teachers in this country have declined to an alarming degree. A close relative of mine who has been an excellent teacher for many years finally is ready to quit ."At this point I don't know who are worse: the students or their parents", she told me recently, disillusioned with the outlook"
RH: The disgraceful episodes in American schools should have led to the imposition of more discipline, but that seems not to have happened. Remember the motto of William of Wyckham: "Manners make man".
Ships and shipbuilding
Alberto Gutierrez answers a question about ship building in Cuba: "Under Castro, today shipbuilding in Cuba is a shambles.
Shipbuilding reached its peak in Havana during the second half of the XVIII century with the launching of men-of-war such as "Sant�sima Trinidad", the flagship of the Franco-Spanish fleet at the battle of Trafalgar. Havana was a main shipyard of the Spanish Navy , taking advantage of the fine Cuban timber available in those days. Once, in San Lorenzo del Escorial, a member of my family sternly reminded a tour guide of the Cuban origin of the timber used in that palace/monastery, other Spanish palaces and in many sailing units of the Spanish Navy.
At the beginning of the last century, shipbuilding in Cuba was no longer important. In 1911 the small cruisers "Cuba "and "Patria" were launched in Philadelphia. Since then the Cuban navy relied on units leased from the US. A few gunboats with wooden hull were built in Havana. There were many Cuban-made schooners for commercial fishing, and the steamboats of "Compañía Naviera de Cuba"(the Cuban shipping company) were used for coastal trade. First the railroads, and finally the Carretera Central (the central highway )from Pinar del Río to Santiago de Cuba after 1931 led to the elimination of most maritime traffic between Cuban ports. During World War II four old Cuban cargo ships were torpedoed by German submarines. After the war, foreign shipping companies, mainly US, British , Norwegian and Spanish, controlled the maritime traffic from Cuba to other countries. The little publicized "floating railroad"( railroad wagons full of cargo on their own wheels were rolled on and off cargo ships), operated between Havana and South Florida from 1945 until Castro took over Cuba, receding the container concept . In 1948 the Cuban merchant marine established a regular service to several US ports. By the mid fifties, in spite of an incongruous collection of old ships , there were reasons to expect better days ahead: a dry dock was built in Havana for repairs, and six new freighters of small tonnage (four British and two Japanese) were ordered. After 1959 Castro was also keenly interested in developing a merchant fleet called "Lineas Mambisas de Navegación " . His first acquisition was the "Sierra Maestra"', an oddly designed freighter built in East Germany. Other cargo vessels were built in Poland and Spain. Between 1961 and 1965 the Cuban shipbuilding experienced a brief revival with the assembling of a modern fishing fleet in Havana . However, after the seventies, mismanagement and Castro's "grandiose " whims in Africa and elsewhere, sealed the fate of what seemed a promising future at sea. Some freighters were used to transport troops, and fishing boats carried weapons for the guerrillas in Venezuela and other countries. With the end of the Soviet subvention in the nineties the lack of maintenance, and even the unsanitary conditions and contamination aboard all those ships increased, causing the death of 37 seamen in assorted accidents. Today the grossly underpaid and understaffed Cuban merchant marine is a disarray of ships mostly "camouflaged" with foreign flags to avoid US economic sanctions and the obligations to foreign creditors. Just taking a look at the sad conditions of Paula Pier in Havana, anyone can see the current situation of shipbuilding in Cuba.
Date: Monday, August 9, 2010, 1:17 PM
Dear Sr. Gutierrez, I really highly appreciate your prompt reply. Many thanks for your information. I will keep checking the Foro Naval for any additional information.
Wishing you and all Cuban seamen all the best and very best regards.
Faithfully, Nikolay Savov
Hello Webmaster, could you help me to find Sr. Miguel Antonio Gallego Boch. He was a teacher at the Naval Academy in Mariel. We are classmates at the Naval Academy in Varna, Bulgaria and we graduated in 1981.
Since 1982 he was a teacher in Mariel. I saw him for last time in 1982 in Cienfuegos where I was on board a Bulgarian merchant ship. Since that time I have no news from him. Please help me to establish contact with him and to survive a longtime friendship. My name is Nikolay Savov, email: email@example.com.
Many, many thanks in advance and very best regards from Varna,Bulgaria.
The American Republic will endure until the day Congress discovers that it can bribe the public with the public's
Alexis De Tocqueville
Our Naval Forum is an-us place to honor our naval heritage, explore its unresolved debates, uncover new information, and respectfully stimulate an honest, thoughtful discussion between all of our members. Our visitors want to read both current and historical information about Naval and Maritime events in Cuba and sometimes they have a point of view, which they wish to respectfully express and discuss. We welcome that. By inviting comments and aggregating a balance of views all on one site, we hope to explore a wide range of thoughts.
The goal is a thoughtful, authoritative analysis about our current political situation and our naval history, with our visitors who are willing to respectfully state and defend their opinions and participants ready to offer additional commentary.
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